An Efficient Projection Protocol for Chemical Databases: Singular Value Decomposition Combined with Truncated-Newton Minimization
A rapid algorithm for visualizing large chemical databases in a low-dimensional space (2D or 3D) is presented as a first step in database analysis and design applications. The projection mapping of the compound database (described as vectors in the high-dimensional space of chemical descriptors) is
based on the singular value decomposition (SVD) combined with a minimization procedure implemented with the efficient truncated-Newton program package (TNPACK). Numerical experiments on four chemical datasets with real-valued descriptors (ranging from 58 to 27,255 compounds) show that the SVD/TNPACK projection duo achieves a reasonable accuracy in 2D, varying from 30% to
about 100% of pairwise distance segments that lie within 10% of the original distances. The lowest percentages, corresponding to scaled datasets, can be made close to 100% with projections onto a 10-dimensional space. We also show that the SVD/TNPACK duo is efficient for minimizing the distance error objective function (especially for scaled datasets), and that TNPACK is much more efficient than a current popular approach of steepest descent minimization in this application context. Applications of our projection technique to similarity and diversity sampling in drug design can be envisioned.
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